Elements of Art

Are you interested in learning about art? The good thing about art is that “the beauty is in the eye of the beholder”. Now this isn’t to say that the art you produce isn’t beautiful but what I mean to say is that those who can understand your art or those who will appreciate your art will not be everyone. You will not be everyone’s cup of tea, and that’s okay. It is one of the hard truths that you have to understand and accept before you venture deeper into the art scene. Sure, it will hurt if some people will say that your art looks like t – r – a – s – h but remember that beauty is in the eye of the beholder.


Moving on, let’s have a quick discussion about the seven main elements of art. What makes art? If you look at most art works, especially those in museums. you will notice these things.


1.) LINES – Observe most art works you see in museums or at even on the internet, one of the things that are always present are lines. A line is usually used by artists to convey movement or the mood of a scene. There are many lines we can see: horizontal, vertical, bold, zigzag, curly, diagonal, just to name a few. Most describe lines to be the “basic tool” that artists use. I mean, didn’t we all start with stick figures?


2.) COLOR – The world would be very dull without the splash of color, wouldn’t you agree? Colors can help the viewer feel the mood or the atmosphere of a painting or even a picture. Warm tones are usually used during day, sunset, and usually evoke a feeling of warmth and closeness, meanwhile cool tones – these are the blues, greens, and dark colors – usually evoke a relaxed mood. The cool tones are usually used during foggy winter days or during sad, melancholic scenes.


One thing that artists or aspiring artists also have to remember is the use of complimentary colors such as purple and yellow, yellow and green, and orange and blue. These colors are nice to look at and are attractive to the eye.


3.) SHAPES – We’ve all learned about shapes in pre-school. We learned about circle, square, triangle, and more harder ones like a cylinder, oblong, and heptagon. Artists incorporate shapes into their works all the time. Geometric shapes are what we call those shapes that are precise and regular, but we all know most artists like to think outside the box.


4.)  TEXTURE – Texture is how something feels. Rough? Smooth? It is the look or feel of a surface. It is usually up to the artist on how he or she creates different textures on his or her work. You can go for different shaped and sized brushes. There are also special tools available that can make it easier for you.


5.) SPACE – This refers to an area that the artist uses for a specific purpose. This can have a positive or a negative. In the renaissance period, you will often notice that most artists during this time had a great use for this space.



6.) VALUE – You’ve probably encountered value when you edit your pictures to post to Instagram. This certain element refers to the lightness or darkness of color. The difference between the highest value (which is white) and the lowest value (which is black) is the contrast between them.


7.) FORM – The last but not the least, form. This refers to the depth or 3D-ness of a piece of art. This usually depends on the shading technique of the artist and the position of the shades or how dark or light the shading is.





Happy Painting, everybody! If you have works of art you’d like to share, comment them below. We’d love to see it!

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